The treatment of people with neurological disorders is known as neurological physiotherapy. Stroke, MS, and Parkinson’s disease are examples of neurological illnesses that affect the brain, spinal cord, and nerves. Exercises to restore motor function by aiming to overcome motor impairments and enhance motor patterns are commonly used in neurological diseases. Various theoretical frameworks have been proposed to attain this goal, each based on inferences gained from basic and clinical science research. While some of these have remained static, others, such as the “movement science” paradigm, have been designed to take into account new advancements. The various ideas frequently spark heated disagreement.